Juvenile Delinquency Theories of Causation Many theories have been advanced to explain the cause of juvenile delinquency. Benton, A. L. (1994). While learning the multiple theories of juvenile delinquency, I found pertinent . A meta-analytic review of the relation between antisocial behavior and neuropsychological measures of executive function. Theories For Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquency Theories There are many thoughts as to why juveniles become delinquent. A theory of antisocial behavior. Donnellan, M. B., Ge, X., & Wenk, E. (2000). Fearlessness, stimulation-seeking, and large body size at age 3 years as early predispositions to childhood aggression at 11 years. Biased decision-making processes in aggressive boys. McArthur Foundation Research Network on Mental Health and the Law (1996). Laundra, K. H., Kiger, G., & Bahr, S. J. Cite as. Ambient air temperature as a predictor of activity of adult Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae). Testing a general versus a developmental theory of antisocial behavior. Life‐course desisters? Kennedy, T. D., Burnett, K. F., & Edmonds, W. A. Any idea about the causes, extent, and correlates of juvenile delinquency is essentially a theory, such as equating juvenile delinquency with sin and violating God’s law. The relationship of neuropsychological impairment to conduct disorder in adolescence: A conceptual review. Relationships between central and autonomic measures of arousal at age 15 years and criminality at age 24 years. Pursuing the psychopath: Capturing the fledgling psychopath in a nomological net. Characteristics of adolescents charged with homicide: Review of 72 cases. Obeidallah, D. A., & Earls, F. J. (1994). Hoaken, P. N., Giancola, P. R., & Pihl, R. O. (1997). Snyder, H. (2001). These theories focus on institutions, such as the family and school, that socialize individuals to conform their behavior to values of the surrounding society and on the ways in which these institutions can fail in this task. Direct and vicarious violent victimization and juvenile delinquency: An application of general strain theory. This text is unique in that it focuses on juveniles and on explanations of delinquency, not on treatment programs; New to this Edition: Provides a fresh look at bio-social and psychological connections to crime and delinquency The question structural-functional theories tr… B., Loeber, R., Tannenbaum, L., Van Horn, Y., Christ, M. A. G., … Hanson, K. (1993). : Predictors of childhood conduct disorder and adolescent delinquency. (1985). Gatzke-Kopp, L. M., Raine, A., Loeber, R., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., & Steinhauer, S. R. (2002). A. Building on the foundation of general strain theory: Specifying the types of strain most likely to lead to crime and delinquency. The Encyclopedia of Theoretical Criminology. information missing from each one, specifically in regards to children that display a lack of . (1993). B., McBurnett, K., Loeber, R., & Hart, E. L. (1995). Prevention as cumulative protection: effects of early family support and education on chronic delinquency and its risks. (1982). Disjointed families, drug abuse, disadvantage communities, peer pressure, and low self-esteem are some of the common factors contributing to juvenile offenses. Developing concepts in developmental psychopathology. Intellectual, behavioral and personality correlates of violent versus non-violent juvenile offenders. Graham v. Florida, 560 U.S. 48, 82 (2010). Early precursors of frequent offending. Homicidal adolescents: A replication. Monahan, J., Steadman, H. J., Robbins, P. C., Silver, E., Appelbaum, P. S., Grisso, T., … Roth, L. H. (2000). (2005). Some believe that it is due to: violence/abuse, peer pressure, social media, poverty, children raising children, drug and alcohol abuse, choice, foster care system, poor education, medication, bullying, violent games, genetics, and government agency failure. Trajectories of crime among delinquent boys followed to age 70. Steinberg, L., & Cauffman, E. (1996). Hoyt, S., & Scherer, D. G. (1998). Tibbetts, S. G., & Piquero, A. R. (1999). Shaklee, H. (1979). Fleming, C. B., Catalano, R. F., Oxford, M. L., & Harachi, T. W. (2002). McNamara, L., & Ballard, M. E. (1999). Female juvenile delinquency: Misunderstood by the juvenile justice system, neglected by social science. There are millions of juveniles detained after committing minor offenses to felony offenses, (Smith, 2019). Sutherland, E. H., & Cressey, D. R. (1978). This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Juvenile Delinquency Rutter, M. (2008). Bandura, A. (1990). Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Boys’ externalizing problems at elementary school age: Pathways from early behavior problems, maternal control, and family stress. The recent reports have highlighted that there has been an increase of delinquent girls at an alarming rate because of the imperfect policies and practices of the juvenile justice system. Nabuzoka, D., & Smith, P. K. (1993). Environmental influence and family background play a core role in explaining the causes of juvenile delinquency. Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Giancola, P. R. (1995). In. Dåderman, A. M. (1999). Hoffman-Bustamante, D. (1973). Yoshikawa, H. (1994). Nicholls, T. L., Cruise, K., Greig, D., & Hinz, H. (2015). An analysis of the functional nature of adolescents’ supportive relationships. Behavioral subtypes of low-achieving children: Differences in school social adjustment. Personality features and characteristics of violent events committed by juvenile offenders. Meyers, K., McLellan, A. T., Jaeger, J. L., & Pettinati, H. M. (1995). Two routes to delinquency: Differences between early and late starters in the impact of parenting and deviant peers. PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES AND RESEARCH IN JUVENILE DELINQUENCY A. Samanvithaa M.Phil Clinical Psychology 2. (1999). Neuropsychological tests predicting persistent male delinquency. Psychological Theories For Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile delinquency has had many different theories to explain why juveniles commit crimes. Disentangling the impact of low cognitive ability and inattention on social behavior and peer relationships. Steketee, M., Junger, M., & Junger-Tas, J. Personality, antisocial behavior, and aggression: A meta-analytic review. Some are quite sophisticated, whereas others are predicated on rather basic “instinctive” conclusions that may or may not have a basis in fact. Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: Constructing a unifying theory of ADHD. Macro-level (e.g., Strain) and individual-level (e.g., Moffitt’s dual taxonomy) theories of delinquency provide a framework to better understand current trends, risk factors and treatment and prevention efforts. A prospective study of predictors of criminality: 3 electrodermal response patterns. The conditional effect of parental drug use on parental attachment and adolescent drug use: Social control and social development model perspectives. The dual taxonomy explanation of offending is next explained, followed by a discussion of social disorganization theory. Juvenile delinquency for a long time has remained a debatable topic among psychologists, criminologists, and even sociologists. Part of Springer Nature. The group of the theories regards that the behavior of the underage delinquent is caused by the breakdown of the social process that consequently … Loeber, R., Wung, P., Keenan, K., Giroux, B., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., Van Kammen, W. B., & Maugham, B. Antisocial behavior: More enduring than changeable? (1991). Zagar, R., Arbit, J., Sylvies, R., Busch, K. G., & Hughes, J. R. (1990). Mediating the effects of poverty, gender, individual characteristics, and external constraints on antisocial behavior: A test of the social development model and implications for developmental life-course theory. Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). Variants of uncertainty. Theories of Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile delinquency is a threat to society and accordingly, the need to develop an understanding of the deviant behavior is of an utmost importance. A 2-year prospective follow-up study of children and adolescents with disruptive behavior disorders: Prediction by cerebrospinal fluid 5- hydroxyindoleacetic acid, homovanillic acid, and autonomic measures? Structural-functional theories regard delinquent behavior as the consequence of strains or breakdowns in the social processes that produce conformity. (2011). Loeb, J., & Mednick, S. (1977). Juvenile delinquency is a huge problem in the United States, (Smith, 2019). Many juvenile curfews are based on Developmental trajectories of childhood disruptive behaviors and adolescent delinquency: A six-site, cross-national study. Replications of the personality-crime relationship across countries, genders, races, and methods. Comparing the stability of psychopathy scores in adolescents versus adults: How often is “fledgling psychopathy” misdiagnosed? Executive cognitive functioning predicts reactive aggression in boys at high risk for substance abuse: A prospective study. Raine, A., Venables, P. H., & Williams, M. (1990). Oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder: A meta-analytic review of factor analyses and cross-validation in a clinic sample. Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Dickson, N., Silva, P., & Stanton, W. (1996). Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. Thornberry, T. P. (1996). White, J. L., Moffitt, T. E., Earls, F., Robins, L., & Silva, P. A. This is a preview of subscription content. Aguilar, B., Sroufe, L. A., Egeland, B., & Carlson, E. (2000). Donald Shoemaker aptly presents all major individualistic and sociological theories in a standard format with basic assumptions, … Testing interactional theory: An examination of reciprocal causal relationships among family, school, and delinquency. The judge’s approach towards the girls has also been inappropriate, hence creating female stereotypes in the community (Artz & Rotmann, 2015). Chronic juvenile offenders: Exploring risk factor models of recidivism. Conger, R. D. (1976). Kruesi, M. J., Hibbs, E. D., Zahn, T. P., Keysor, C. S., Hamburger, S. D., Bartko, J. J., & Rapoport, J. L. (1992). Glaser, B. Statistic reports reveal juvenile behavior is known to turn into adult criminal behavior, (Smith, 2019). IQ and delinquency: A direct test of the differential detection hypothesis. Holsinger, K. (2000). Feminism and criminology. For more than two centuries, academic criminologists have developed a host of theories to explain juvenile delinquency. Genetic. Neuropsychiatry of frontal lobe dysfunction in violent and criminal behaviour: A critical review. Key issues in the development of aggression and violence from childhood to early adulthood. Cauffman, E., Skeem, J., Dmitrieva, J., & Cavanagh, C. (2016). Quinsey, V. L., Skilling, T. A., Lalumiere, M. L., & Craig, W. M. (2004). A., Calhoun, G. B., & Petrocelli, J. V. (2002). White, J. L., Moffitt, T. E., & Silva, P. A. A review of predictors of youth violence. Once an individual associates him or herself with criminal behavior they are labeled by their community and expected to reoffend. Agnew, R. (2001). Loeber, R., & Hay, D. (1997). Theories of Delinquency is a comprehensive survey of the theoretical approaches towards understanding delinquent behavior. The peer relations of mildly delayed and nonhandicapped preschool children in mainstreamed playgroups. Should the science of adolescent brain development inform public policy? Learn more. (1997). pp 1-32 | The dual taxonomy explanation of offending is next explained, followed by a discussion of social disorganization theory. Explaining the relation between IQ and delinquency: Class, race, test motivation, school failure, or self-control? (1994). Hubbard, D. J., & Pratt, T. C. (2002). Not logged in Duffy, D. C., & Campbell, S. R. (1994). Vermeiren, R., De Clippele, A., Schwab-Stone, M., Ruchkin, V., & Deboutte, D. (2002). Raine, A., Reynold, C., Venables, P. H., Mednick, S. A., & Farrington, D. P. (1998). Start studying Juvenile Delinquency Theories. Sex differences in the predictors of juvenile delinquency: Females are more susceptible to poor environments; males are influenced more by low self-control. Crime Policy in America Today. The relationship between juvenile psychopathic traits, delinquency and (violent) recidivism: A meta‐analysis. In. Morgan, A. Lahey, B. Female offenders: Adults and juveniles in conflict with the law. A test of generalizability of the social development model across gender and income groups with longitudinal data from the elementary school developmental period. Gender effects along the juvenile justice system evidence of a gendered organization. Personality and antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: An enquiry into Eysenck’s and Gray’s theories. Catalano, R. F., & Hawkins, J. D. (1996). Social control and social learning models of delinquent behavior a synthesis. Many opposing and concurring arguments have been experienced with many researchers concentrating on real cause, which can be explained using different theories ranging from the classical to contemporary ones. Specifically, control theories of delinquency are first explored, followed by discussions of social learning and general strain theories. In G. Sholevar (Ed.). A study of neurodevelopmental findings in early adolescent delinquents. Loeber, R., Farrington, D. P., & Petechuk, D. (2003). Vitaro, F., Brendgen, M., & Tremblay, R. E. (2002). (1994). Nagin, D., & Tremblay, R. E. (1999). Not affiliated The neuropsychology of conduct disorder. Theories of Delinquency An Examination of Explanations of Delinquent Behavior. Asscher, J. J., van Vugt, E. S., Stams, G. J. J., Deković, M., Eichelsheim, V. I., & Yousfi, S. (2011). © The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38250-6_1. Chesney-Lind, M., & Shelden, R. G. (2013). In this paper we'll describe three theories of juvenile delinquency such as Social Learning Theory, General Strain Theory and Behavioral Theory and discuss appropriate preventive programs based upon these theories. Developmental pathways in disruptive child behavior. The significance of gender in choosing an etiological model of delinquency. Correlates of delinquency: A look at gender differences. Dodge, K. A., Lochman, J. E., Harnish, J. D., Bates, J. E., & Pettit, G. S. (1997). Cornell, D. G., Benedek, E. P., & Benedek, D. M. (1987). Unit: Theories of Juvenile Delinquency Identify 2–3 specific life events that are important in Sarah’s life right now. (2005). A control theory of delinquency. Developing a clinically useful actuarial tool for assessing violence risk. Juvenile Delinquency is a phenomenon that affects communities worldwide, according to staggering media reports, both print and electronic, where Juveniles today are killing each other over turf, insults, Jokes, and a matter of machismo, and are now competing with the career criminals, in conducting deviant acts such as theft, murder/wounding, drug abuse, the sale of drugs, promiscuity and other … Plouffe, L., & Stelmack, R. M. (1986). Campbell, S. B., Pierce, E. W., Moore, G., Marakovitz, S., & Newby, K. (1996). Adolescent girls: The role of depression in the development of delinquency. In. Seventh edition. Dodge, K. A., & Newman, J. P. (1981). Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Wolff, S., Alexander, R., & Smith, A. M. (2000). INTRODUCTION Crime: It is defined as a deviant behavior that violates prevailing norms, specifically, cultural standards prescribing how humans ought to behave. Serious delinquent behavior, sensation seeking, and electrodermal arousal. Theories Regarding the Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Introduction Juvenile delinquency—crimes committed by young people—constitute, by recent estimates, nearly one-fifth of the crimes against people and one-third of the property crimes in the United States (Braga, 2005). Scarpa, A., & Raine, A. (1977). Langan, P. A., & Levin, D. J. Juvenile delinquency Juvenile delinquency, also known as juvenile offending, or youth crime, is participation in illegal behavior by minors (juveniles) (individuals younger than the statutory age of majority).Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centers, and courts. B., Hoffschmidt, S. J., & Ash, E. (2001). (1990). Lynam, D., Moffitt, T., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (1993). Matsueda, R. L. (2006). Growth and aggression: I. Childhood to early adolescence. Fonseca, A. C., & Yule, W. (1995). Delinquency… Sampson, R. J., & Laub, J. H. (2003). Strain, anger, and delinquent adaptations specifying general strain theory. Agnew, R. (1992). How early can we tell? Are some people crime-prone? Psychiatric diagnoses of maltreated children: Preliminary findings. Krueger, R. F., Schmutte, P. S., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Campbell, K., & Silva, P. A. 4. (2000). In this paper we’ll describe three theories of juvenile delinquency such as Social Learning Theory, General Strain Theory and Behavioral Theory and discuss appropriate preventive programs based upon these theories. Moffitt, T. E., Lynam, D. R., & Silva, P. A. Theories of Juvenile Delinquency Locate a recent juvenile case using the Internet. Psychophysiology of anger and violent behavior. Lahey, B. An overview of the symposium [on developmental criminology] and some next steps. Juvenile delinquency, also known as "juvenile offending", is the act of participating in unlawful behavior as a minor or individual younger than the statutory age of majority. Reactive and proactive aggression in school children and psychiatrically impaired chronically assaultive youth. Physically aggressive boys from ages 6 to 12: Family background, parenting behavior, and prediction of delinquency. Gilbert, D. G., Gilbert, B. O., Johnson, S., & McColloch, M. A. In R. Loeber & D. P. Farrington (Eds.). Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118517390.wbetc210. Loper, A. Biological, psychological, and social factors related to juvenile delinquency. Cognitive and neuropsychological characteristics of physically aggressive boys. Blumstein, A. (1988). Famularo, R., Kinscherff, R., & Fenton, T. (1992). Thornberry, T. P., et al. Crime and delinquency are presented from historical and contemporary perspectives. (1993). Theories of juvenile delinquency. Donald J. Shoemaker. (1994). Loeber, R., Keenan, K., & Zhang, Q. Some of the most considerable theories include the feminist theory, social disorganization theory, strain theory, sub-cultural, and educational theories among others. Myers, W. C., Burgess, A. W., & Nelson, J. Is age important? The clinical and adaptive features of young offenders with histories of child-parent violence. Social structure and anomie. Cairns, R. B., Cairns, B. D., Neckerman, H. J., Ferguson, L. L., & Gariepy, J. L. (1989). Development of juvenile aggression and violence: Some common misconceptions and controversies. Juvenile delinquency is also simply called delinquency, and the two terms are used interchangeably in popular discourse. Brower, M. C., & Price, B. H. (2001). (2002). Pulkkinen, L., & Tremblay, R. E. (1992). Kennedy, T. D., Edmonds, W. A., Millen, D. H., & Detullio, D. (2019). Lynam, D. R. (1997). In W. Buikhuisen & S. A. Mednick (Eds.). Simourd, L., & Andrews, D. A. Steinberg, L. (2009). Broidy, L. M., Nagin, D. S., Tremblay, R. E., Bates, J. E., Brame, B., Dodge, K. A., … Lynam, D. R. (2003). The social worlds of hyperactive (ADDH) children. Patterns of boys’ social adjustment in two cultures and at different ages: A longitudinal perspective. Major Theories of Juvenile Delinquency. Moore, M. (2011). Bellanti, C. J., & Bierman, K. L. (2000). In S. Mednick & K. Christiansen (Eds.). Leading theoretical explanations of juvenile delinquency are briefly reviewed. The nature of female criminality. Differential social organization, collective action, and crime. (1993). This chapter provides an overview of the major theories that attempt to explain the etiology of juvenile delinquency. Taylor, A. R. (1990). In. Carr, N. T., Hudson, K., Hanks, R. S., & Hunt, A. N. (2008). B., & Lilienfeld, S. O. (2000). Boys’ experimentation and persistence in developmental pathways toward serious delinquency. Karniski, W. M., Levine, M. D., Clarke, S., Palfrey, J. S., & Meltzer, L. J. Bounded rationality and cognitive development: Upper limits on growth? Recidivism of prisoners released in 1994. Buikhuisen, W., Bontekoe, E. H. M., Plas-Korenhoff, C., & Meijs, B. W. G. P. (1988). Discussion of social learning and general strain theory of crime and delinquency Golden, C. J to juvenile delinquency,..., X., & Hay, D. M. ( 1987 ) frequency, seriousness, and methods prospective.!: Examining real girls ’ lives daly, K., Hanks, R. E. 2001... Are the anomie theory, and theories of juvenile delinquency development model perspectives real girls ’ lives model perspectives social based theories explain... The symposium [ on developmental criminology ] and some next steps parenting,. Peer relations of mildly delayed and nonhandicapped preschool children in mainstreamed playgroups defiant disorder developmental precursors conduct! ( violent ) recidivism: a meta-analytic review of the comprehensive Addiction Index. 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