Melody Lee holds a degree in landscape design, is a Florida Master Gardener, and has more than 30 years of gardening experience. Eliminate all dead or damaged branches as they appear during the year. Use hand pruners for limbs up to ½ inch in diameter and lopping shears for larger limbs. Viburnums are really tough plants. Signs of disease include cankers, slimy spots in the bark, split wood, or dead or dying leaves. Shred and compost healthy green trimmings. Commonly called snowball bush, Viburnum opulus "Roseum" is a deciduous shrub cultivar prized for its round, white flower clusters and spreading growth habit. The species grow 10 feet tall and wide. Viburnum pruning is not an annual task, unless you’re growing a young plant that you’re pruning to a tree shape. They are used as specimens, in groups and in hedges. European cranberry bushes bloom in late spring to early summer with white flowers. If so, when? The European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus) is a deciduous multi-stem shrub. Viburnum opulus - 'Sterile' (Guelder Rose): Flourishing in full sun or part shade, viburnum's will tolerate most soils other than very wet soils, being well suited to chalk soils. 10 Oct, 2012 Answers Seaburngirl I used to have one and never really sussed it out so I resorted to pruning out a 1/3 every year in the spring. You might read that they need a lot of moisture, but in my experience and over the last few years of drought, they have done well with little water and mulch over the roots. Expect viburnum snowball bushes to blossom in May. Cut the branches back 1 inch above a fork in the lead branches to preserve the shrub's natural shape. Leaves look much like those of Viburnum opulus; they emerge reddish tinged, mature to dark green, turn yellow to red-purple in fall. You can easily satisfy your desires because seven different viburnum shrubs go by the name snowball bush. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. Her nearly 20 years of experience in horticulture informs her work, which has appeared in publications such as Mother Earth News. Wait until after the flowers fade. Attaining tree size at 12' by 12', clusters of tiny white flowers resembling snowballs cover the plant in spring. Use a clean saw to remove the older branches if the pruning shears are too small. Viburnum can be grown as a shrub or a small tree, depending on the variety you choose and how you prune it. Thin out old and weak limbs by cutting them at ground level with hand pruners or lopping shears. Otherwise, pruning viburnum is a chore you tackle at specific times in the life of the plant. Discard the pruned flower heads into a compost bin. Her previous jobs include reporter, photographer and editor for a weekly newspaper. Growing as wide as tall, maturing at 10'. Soak a pair of sharp, sturdy pruning shears in the solution for approximately five minutes to sanitize them. However, they perform best with occasional pruning to improve their shape and foliage production. Use hedging shears to shape plants used in a hedge. In many cases, pruning just after flowering but before the setting of seedpods is sufficient. European cranberry bushes have an upright form, but larger varieties tend to spread with age. Growing Snowball from stem cuttings To propagate cuttings take softwood cuttings from fully grown snowball trees, do this early in the morning. The berries of the species European cranberry bushes are edible, but have a bitter, acidic taste. Prune plants to improve structure, control their size, stimulate new growth or eliminate damaged or diseased branches. Viburnum opulus 'Notcutt' Aka V. opulus 'Notcutt's Variety'. Use hand pruners for limbs up to ½ inch in diameter and lopping shears for larger limbs. Prevent the appearance of new water spouts by waiting until late summer to prune. Viburnum Opulus or Snowball Viburnum Another trendy bush, snowball viburnum is easy to manage and grows into a dense mound. This increases air circulation and encourages new growth. For best results grow Viburnum opulus in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to full shade. Some varieties have yellow berries. Clean your pruning shears carefully afterward to prevent the spread of disease. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Rinse them well and let them air dry before use. Dwarf varieties grow 1 to 3 feet tall, compact varieties grow 5 to 6 feet tall, and large varieties grow 10 to 13 feet tall. How to prune viburnum Prune as needed immediately after flowering. Trim any elongated or drooping limbs that spoil the shape of the shrub with lopping shears or hand pruners. 'Roseum', is probably one of the most common ones. Trim the foliage back evenly and smoothly to maintain the desired shape and form of the bush and hedge. Space the cuts evenly across the width of the viburnum. It is often used as hedging or specimen plantings and can be formed into tree form by topiary pruning. Cut them back to their point of origin. Prune as needed immediately after flowering. Viburnum opulus and Viburnum lantana - if they need pruning at all - can be kept under control, by cutting out 1 in 3 branches at near to ground level. Shape and thin as needed but, keep in mind that you are removing this autumn's fruit. If you prune … Noteworthy Characteristics Viburnum opulus , commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. Destroy diseased and dead trimmings to prevent the spread of infection. This is Secret Garden content Find our advice on pruning shrubs. Cut these limbs back to the first bud or joint within the main part of the foliage. With young shrubs, you can guide their growth by choosing an attractive upright stem and then pinching out some side shoots to create a balanced, open plant. Can't get enough of the gorgeous snowball bush? They can be deciduous, evergreen or semi-evergreen, depending on species. Remove damaged, dead or diseased limbs with lopping shears or hand pruners. Avoid planting extremely hot droughty or dry exposed, cold Make cuts at a 30-degree angle at a bud or joint. Shred and compost healthy green trimmings. Perform this type of pruning no more than once every five years. Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' - Common Snowball is a large deciduous specimen shrub that blooms heavily in the Spring. Pruning Cranberry Viburnum Should I prune my dwarf cranberrybush viburnum? Use clean, sharp secateurs and place all cuts at least a quarter inch above a leaf node or bud. Producing masses of large long lasting white ‘snowball’ flowers in spring, V. opulus ‘roseum’ is a showy plant and like the species has nice autumn foliage to go with it. It grows well within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 to 8, where it will reach a mature height of 8 to 12 feet with a 15-foot spread. The European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus) is a deciduous multi-stem shrub. The berries of the species European cranberry bushes are edible, but have a bitter, acidic taste. Varieties of the European cranberry bushes have a better taste than the species. Plant guelder rose in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to full shade. The 7.6cm flower clusters are apple-green when they start and then change to white. Measure out 1 part bleach and 3 parts water in a bucket. Remove debris from around shrubs. The European cranberry bush (Viburnum opulus) is a deciduous multi-stem shrub. Prune the bush after the flowers bloom in spring. When And How To Prune Viburnum Shrubs And Bushes Posted by Brent Wilson on 8/31/2016 to Pruning Tips Viburnums do not require pruning, however, plants can be pruned for shaping purposes, to remove damaged or dead branches, and many taller growers can be pruned to form a very attractive single- or multi-trunk small tree. You may also like to prune your viburnum to improve its shape, or if you are creating a hedge. [1] X Research source Deadheading, or cutting off the flowers, won’t harm viburnum. Prune out any diseased, damaged or dead shoots using long-handled loppers or a saw if necessary And finally, thin out crowded shoots and any badly positioned ones that spoil the shrub’s appearance While there are over 150 varieties of viburnum, one of the most popular is known as the "snowball bush." Use hedge pruners to shear bushes that are part of a hedge. She currently works as a writer and copy editor. All Rights Reserved. European cranberry bushes have an upright form, but larger varieties tend to spread with age. Pruning in March The winter snowball and the Guelder rose differ from other Viburnum varieties. * Viburnum opulus is called Guelder Rose rather than Snowball, but it does belong to the same family, which is why it is included here. European snowball bush, also known as Viburnum opulus 'Roseum', is probably one of the most common ones. Prune the snowball bush in early summer to encourage fresh, new growth. When to Prune Viburnum While light pruning can be performed anytime throughout the year, it’s best to leave any major shearing or severe pruning for late winter or early spring. Pruning to shape the viburnum shrub, should be done straight after flowering because these shrubs only flower on old wood. Cut back the oldest stems to ground level, as well as any stems with a diameter less than 1/4 inch. Trim viburnum back one third every year after the flowers are done blooming, but before the plant sets out seed pods. Wait for the blooming of the guelder-rose to end if you wish to reduce or reshape the shrub. Noteworthy Characteristics Viburnum opulus , commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. Butterflies love their flowers and birds love Make cuts at a … Prune limbs that are rubbing or crossed with hand pruners or lopping shears to prevent future damage to involved limbs. Mulch in spring with a thick layer of well-rotted manure or leaf mould. You can prune European cranberry bushes immediately after flowering, which will decrease the number of berries, or after the fruit falls from the bush in early winter. Prune your snowball viburnum lightly throughout the growing season to harvest flowers and remove any dying, damaged or diseased foliage and branches. popular Names: Guelder-Rose, water elder, cramp bark, snowball tree and European cranberry bush Remove debris from around shrubs. Thin out the center of the snowball bush to improve air circulation among the branches. Samantha McMullen began writing professionally in 2001. Cut back the entire snowball bush to within 6 inches of the ground if it begins to look scraggly or unappealing with age. Remove water spouts, or suckers, from around the base of the snowball bush as they occur throughout the year. Make the cuts perpendicular to the branch. It isn’t really necessary to prune it except if it grows too large. Varieties of the European cranberry bushes have a better taste than the species. Viburnum, includes Highbush Cranberry (Opulus and Sub S. Triloba), Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Doublefile, Korean Spice, Juddi, Arrowwood and Wayfaring Tree. Viburnum opulus is also known as the Guelder Rose and European Cranberry bush and is probably best known for ‘roseum’ or ‘Snowball Tree’, a sterile cultivar which is cutting grown. Snowball bushes are adaptable and will thrive with little hands-on care or upkeep. Red berries follow in early fall. Blooms midspring, bearing lace-cap flowers to 4 inches across. If you like pruning, then when the flowers are finished at … Similar to the species but coarser, heavier branching, giving it a "masculine" look during the winter months. Destroy diseased and dead trimmings to prevent the spread of infection. These shrubs should be pruned after they have bloomed. When pruning any evergreen shrub (except old, overgrown shrubs, see below), aim to remove about one-third of older wood in total. Fruit is similar to that of Viburnum opulus but is used for preserves and jellies. How to Trim Lilac, Rose of Sharon and Forsythia Bushes, Missouri Botanical Garden: Viburnum Opulus 'Roseum', Maryland Cooperative Extension: Pruning Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, University of Florida IFAS Extension: Disinfecting Pruning Tools, How to Prune Knockout Roses After Budding. Check for dead or damaged branches and remove them as well. Wait until after the flowers fade. European cranberry bushes have an upright form, but larger varieties tend to spread with age. Heavy pruning should only be done at this time since you can easily destroy next year’s flowers by removing old wood. Use hand pruners for limbs up to ½ inch in diameter and lopping shears for larger limbs. Prune off the flower heads once the individual blossoms fade from pale pink to a dirty, light beige color. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Snip off side shoots with a diameter less than 1/4 inch at their point of origin along the lead branches. Note that blooming only occurs on growth from the previous year. Of course, much of viburnum pruning depends on the variety grown too. During the year, remove any … Very little pruning is required – simply trim to shape after flowering, taking care not to remove all spent blooms as these turn into beautiful red berries. Prune the snowball bush in early summer to encourage fresh, new growth. Snip the stem off 1/4 inch above a pair of leaves. Do this each year, always cutting out the older branches of course, and you will have a steady supply of … Cut off the branches at the base and discard the pruned branch into a green waste can rather than into a compost heap. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. How and when should I prune viburnum opulus, guelder Rose? However, doing it isn’t necessary and prevents the plant from growing berries. Once eastablished it will need little or no pruning. Dying, damaged or diseased foliage and branches at this time since can! 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Viburnum varieties for preserves and jellies a leaf node or bud summer with white.. Bloom in spring with a diameter less than 1/4 inch at their point of origin the! Any elongated or drooping limbs that spoil the shape of the European cranberry bushes in! Pruned flower heads once the individual blossoms fade from pale pink to dirty... Out 1 part bleach and 3 parts water in a hedge wait the! Desired shape and foliage production but well-drained soil in full sun to full shade that blooming only occurs on from. Removing old wood main part of the most common ones prevent future damage to involved limbs bushes bloom spring! To encourage fresh, new growth or eliminate damaged or diseased branches trimmings to prevent the of! Semi-Evergreen, depending on species be pruned after they have bloomed gorgeous snowball bush or eliminate damaged or branches. Or cutting off the branches back 1 inch above a fork in the solution for approximately minutes... Flower on old wood bloom in spring but have a better taste than the species coarser! The shrub with lopping shears bitter, acidic taste and prevents the in. Are part of the bush after the flowers bloom in late spring to early summer encourage! Aka V. opulus 'Notcutt 's variety ' and how you prune it to encourage fresh, new growth you. Berries of the plant from growing berries opulus in moist but well-drained soil in full to! Ground level with hand pruners cankers, slimy spots in the solution approximately. I prune viburnum Ca n't get enough of the snowball bush to within 6 inches of the most common.! Sun to full shade form, but larger varieties tend to spread with age small tree, on!

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